The Pilates Method, originally known as Contrology, was created by Joseph Hubertus Pilates [born in Germany, 1883-1967]. Contrology emphasizes connecting to breath, strengthening the core, improving postural alignment, and moving with control and efficiency. Joseph worked extensively with dancers and athletes to enhance their performance and/or rehabilitate their repetitive injuries from his NYC ‘body conditioning gym’ until his late end. Before migrating to the US in 1926, Joseph taught self-defense to Scotland Yard and worked with fellow WWI internees/patients in England. Fueled by his personal challenges with childhood ailments, Joseph strived to improve his own condition and thereby excelled as an athlete [skier, diver, boxer, gymnast] and a physical therapist. As an innovator of physical fitness and therapy, Joseph Pilates made the most of what was around him in creating tools that adapted the exercise to individuals and pre-conditions: hospital beds, bed springs, wooden chairs and beer barrels, to name a few. Hence, the practical and functional design of the Pilates equipment made today still holds true to his original design and intention. Pilates exercises are practiced on several primary Pilates apparatuses, as well as on the mat/floor. While a rising number of certified Pilates trainers and physical therapists continue to apply the Contrology principles etched by Joseph Pilates for fitness and rehabilitative applications, the Pilates Method is applicable to all backgrounds and ages.

Joseph Pilates wrote two books: Your Health: A Corrective System of Exercising That Revolutionizes the Entire Field of Physical Education [1932]; and, Return to Life Through Contrology [1945]. For a look at one photojournalist’s point of view, visit IC Rapoport.


Julio Horvath [Hungarian, born in Romania in 1942] continues to teach and evolve his GYROTONIC EXPANSION SYSTEM® - GYROTONIC® and GYROKINESIS® Method - today. The GYROTONIC® Method connects exercises with specialized equipment while the GYROKINESIS® Method applies exercises most applicable to the chair/floor. While having already reached a global community in over 74 countries worldwide, the GYROTONIC EXPANSION SYSTEM® continues to grow as a notable mindbody fitness method. In the early 1980’s, Julio began teaching his GYROKINESIS® Method of exercise in New York City following his own personal journey and desire to rehabilitate his injuries arising from a professional career in dance. The GYROTONIC EXPANSION SYSTEM® embodies 3-dimensional movements that free the body [fascia and joints in particular] for rejuvenation and healing. The dynamic, multidimensional movements of GYROTONIC EXPANSION SYSTEM® parallels movements in swimming, gymnastics, dance, tai chi, martial arts, kundalini yoga and beyond. Julio’s revolutionary design of the GYROTONIC® line of specialized equipment were created with these natural movement patterns in mind. Through the rhythmic, fluid, sequential movements, the GYROTONIC EXPANSION SYSTEM® approaches the whole body: stimulating the nervous system, increasing range of motion, improving functional strength, and enhancing cognitive resonance. In addition, the continuous spinal motion mimics an internal massage of the organ and nervous systems to improve circulation and vitality, and yield a sense of calm and wellness.

GYROTONIC®, GYROKINESIS® and GYROTONIC EXPANSION SYSTEM® are registered trademarks of Gyrotonic Sales Corp and are used with their permission.


Functional-Strength Training, while working the body from inside out, integrates multiple joint and muscle groups into movements that mimic and enhance movements found in daily activities: pushing, pulling, lifting, rotating, reaching, balancing, coordinating and more.


Functional-Strength Training and cardio combined: HIIT is designed to maintain a higher heart rate level while alternating between short super sets of high intensity exercises and progressively shorter recovery periods. Quality of movement is never to be sacrificed while working within an individual’s personal threshold.